Objectif du cours
This course covers an array of topics in health economics that relate with the impact of « work » – broadly defined as conditions on the job, career shocks, economic fluctuations, trade-imported shocks on the labor market – on health. As health and work should be placed in the wider context of the SES-health relationship, we first review and assess the determinants of inequalities in health. We then discuss the main theoretical models that may explain socio-economic differences in health (and in particular the Grossman model of health demand).
A first part of the course discusses the impact of career shocks (graduating in a bad economy, losing one’s job, the fear of losing one’s job, retiring, going on disability) on health. A second part studies the link between economic fluctuations and health . We ask whether recessions are good for health – and give a seemingly paradoxical answer. We also discuss trade-imported health shocks, and the (related?) rise of « deaths of despair » in the American white working class. We end the lecture with the lifecourse approach to health and ageing, with a particular focus on early life conditions.
Most of the course is embeded in the context of recent empirical research on policy evaluation in health. Endogeneity is a core issue when identifying the impact of work on health, and identification problems will be thoroughly discussed throughout the lecture.
The course builds on previous and concurrent courses in the Msc program, in particular, Microeconomics II and Econometrics 1-3. Familiarity with contents of these courses is assumed.
Lecturer : Mathilde Godard
Gerard J. van den Berg, Maarten Lindeboom and France Portrait (2006) : « Economic Conditions Early in Life and Individual Mortality », American Economic Review, vol. 96, no. 1 ; pp. 290-302.
Bassanini A., Caroli E. (2015), Is Work Bad for Health? The Role of Constraint versus Choice, Annals of Economics and Statistics, n°119-120, p. 13-37
Eibich, P. (2015) : « Understanding the effect of retirement on health : Mechanisms and Heterogeneity », Journal of Health Economics, 43,1-12.
Nicole Maestas, Katherine Mullen and Alexander Strand (2013) : « Does Disability Insurance Receipt Discourage Work? Using Examiner Assignment to Estimate Causal Effects of SSDI Receipt », American Economic Review, 103(5), pp. 1797–1829
García-Gómez P, van Kippersluis H, O´Donnell O and van Doorslaer E (2013) : « Long-term and spillover effects of health shocks on employment and income », Journal of Human Resources, 48(4): 873-909
Ferrie, J., M. Shipley, M. Marmot, S. Stansfeld, and G. Smith (1995): “Health effects of anticipation of job change and non-employment: Longitudinal data from the Whitehall II study,” British Medical Journal, 311, 1264–1269.
Grossman, M. (1972): “On the concept of health capital and the demand for health,” The Journal of Political Economy, 80, 223–255.
Till Von Wachter and Daniel Sullivan (2009) : « Job displacement and mortality : an analysis using administrative data », Quaterly Journal of Economics, Volume 124, Issue 3, August 2009, Pages 1265–1306.
Engdahl, M., M. Godard and O. N. Skans (2018) « Early Labor Market Prospects and Family Formation », IFAU Working Paper 2018:2.
Ruhm, C. (2000). Are Recessions Good For Your Health? Quarterly Journal of Economics,115(2): 617-650.
Jérôme Adda and Yarine Fawaz (2019), « Trade Induced Mortality », mimeo.
David Autor, David Dorn and Gordon Hanson (2019) : « When Work Disappears: Manufacturing Decline and the Falling Marriage Market Value of Young Men », American Economic Review : Insights, forthcoming.
2019 Tanner Lecture by Angus Deaton: 'Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism », available at : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ii48cTiruU