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Action video game playing: Rot your brains or enhance your mind's eye?

par Daphne Bavelier
mercredi 09 avril 2008


Daphne Bavelier

Associate Professor, Depts of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and of Imaging Science Associate Director, Rochester Center for Brain Imaging University of Rochester, Rochester NY

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Although the adult brain is far from being fixed, the types of experience that promote learning and brain plasticity in adulthood are still poorly understood. Surprisingly, the very act of playing action video games appear to lead to widespread enhancements in visual cognition in young adults. Action video game players have been shown to outperform their non-action-game playing peers on a variety of sensory and attentional tasks. They search for a target in a cluttered environment more efficiently, are able to track more objects at once and process rapidly fleeting images more accurately. This performance difference has also been noted in choice reaction time tasks with video game players manifesting a large decrease in reaction time as compared to their non-action-game playing peers. A common mechanism may be at the source of this wide range of skill improvement. In particular, improvement in performance following action video game play can be captured by more efficient integration of the sensory information, or in other words, a more faithful Bayesian inference step, suggesting that action gamers may have learned to learn.

Mots clés : cerveau, apprentissage, jeux videos, performance