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Eugene GLADYSHEV - Institut Pasteur, Paris - Webinar Online

Recombination-independent recognition of DNA homology for meiotic silencing in Neurospora crassa
When Sep 25, 2020
from 11:00 AM to 12:00 PM
Contact Name Equipe Piazza, Webinar - Online
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Pairing of homologous chromosomes represents a key aspect of meiosis in nearly all sexually reproducing species. While meiotic pairing requires the formation of double-strand DNA breaks in some organisms, in many others it can proceed in the apparent absence of DNA breakage and recombination. The mechanistic nature of such recombination-independent pairing represents a fundamental question in molecular biology. Using "meiotic silencing by unpaired DNA" (MSUD) in the fungus Neurospora crassa as a model system, we demonstrate the existence of a cardinally new solution to the problem of inter-chromosomal homology recognition during meiosis. Here we take advantage of the unique ability of MSUD to efficiently detect and silence (by RNA interference) any relatively short DNA fragment lacking a homologous allelic partner. We show that MSUD does not require the function of eukaryotic RecA proteins and the type II topoisomerase-like protein Spo11. We further show that MSUD can recognize patterns of weak interspersed homology in which short units of sequence identity are arrayed with a periodicity of 11 base-pairs (bp). Taken together, these results reveal the function of a recombination-independent homology-directed process in guiding the expression of small interfering RNAs and suggest that meiotic chromosomes can be evaluated for sequence homology at base-pair resolution by a mechanism that operates on intact DNA molecules.

 

Contact : A. Piazza