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Vous êtes ici : Accueil / Équipes / Structures et Interactions des Molécules Biologiques - M. Spichty / Publications / Publications: CLUET David / High Throughput Image Analysis / The RNA helicase DDX17 controls the transcriptional activity of REST and the expression of proneural microRNAs in neuronal differentiation.

The RNA helicase DDX17 controls the transcriptional activity of REST and the expression of proneural microRNAs in neuronal differentiation.

Marie-Pierre Lambert, Sophie Terrone, Guillaume Giraud, Clara Benoit-Pilven, David Cluet, Valerie Combaret, Franck Mortreux, Didier Auboeuf, and Cyril F Bourgeois (2018)

Nucleic Acids Res.

The Repressor Element 1-silencing transcription factor (REST) represses a numberof neuronal genes in non-neuronal cells or in undifferentiated neural progenitors. Here, we report that the DEAD box RNA helicase DDX17 controls important REST-related processes that are critical during the early phases of neuronal differentiation. First, DDX17 associates with REST, promotes its binding to the promoter of a subset of REST-targeted genes and co-regulates REST transcriptional repression activity. During neuronal differentiation, we observed a downregulation of DDX17 along with that of the REST complex that contributes to the activation of neuronal genes. Second, DDX17 and its paralog DDX5 regulate the expression of several proneural microRNAs that are known to target the REST complex during neurogenesis, including miR-26a/b that are also direct regulatorsof DDX17 expression. In this context, we propose a new mechanism by which RNA helicases can control the biogenesis of intronic miRNAs. We show that the processing of the miR-26a2 precursor is dependent on RNA helicases, owing to an intronic regulatory region that negatively impacts on both miRNA processing and splicing of its host intron. Our work places DDX17 in the heart of a pathway involving REST and miRNAs that allows neuronal gene repression.

 
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