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You are here: Home / Teams / Apoptosis and Neurogenetics - B. Mollereau / Publications / Photoreceptor differentiation in Drosophila: from immature neurons to functional photoreceptors.

Photoreceptor differentiation in Drosophila: from immature neurons to functional photoreceptors.

Bertrand Mollereau and Pedro M Domingos (2005)

Dev Dyn, 232(3):585-92.

How a pool of equipotent cells acquires a multitude of distinct fates is a majorquestion in developmental biology. The study of photoreceptor (PR) cell differentiation in Drosophila has been used to address this question. PR differentiation is a process that extends over a period of 5 days: It begins in the larval eye imaginal disc when PRs are recruited and commit to particular PR fates, and it culminates in the pupal eye disc with the morphogenesis of the rhabdomeres and the initiation of rhodopsin expression. Several models for PR specification agree that the Ras and Notch signaling pathways are important for the specification of different PR subtypes (Freeman [1997] Development 124:261-270; Cooper and Bray [2000] Curr. Biol. 10:1507-1510; Tomlinson and Struhl [2001] Mol. Cell. 7:487-495). In the first part of this review, we briefly describe the different signaling pathways and transcription factors required forthe specification and differentiation of the different PR subtypes in the larvaleye disc. In the second part, we review the roles of several transcription factors, which are required for the terminal photoreceptor differentiation and rhodopsin expression.

 
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