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You are here: Home / Teams / Chromatin Dynamics in Mitotic Chromosome Assembly - P. Bernard / Publications / DNA:RNA Immunoprecipitation from S. pombe Cells for qPCR and Genome-Wide Sequencing.

DNA:RNA Immunoprecipitation from S. pombe Cells for qPCR and Genome-Wide Sequencing.

Laetitia Vachez, Camille Teste, and Vincent Vanoosthuyse (2022)

Methods Mol Biol, 2528:411-428.

By temporarily distorting the DNA double helix, the moving RNA polymerases can lead to the formation of non-B DNA structures. One of the most abundant and largest non-B DNA structures in the genome is the R-loop, a three-stranded structure forming when the nascent RNA hybridizes with its DNA template, thereby extruding the non-template DNA strand. Growing evidence suggests that at least a subset of R-loops could induce transcription stress and genome instability, although the direct, primary consequences of R-loop formation on the surrounding chromatin are still unclear. To understand the direct impact of R-loops on transcription and genome stability, accurate and quantitative mapping of R-loops is essential. R-loop mapping is commonly achieved using the antibody-based DNA:RNA Immunoprecipitation (DRIP) strategy. While it is reasonably straightforward to obtain robust DRIP enrichments from human cells, this has proved harder in yeast, where DRIP signals are often relatively weak, with a poor signal-to-noise ratio. Although it is unclear whether such weak signals stem from a technical or a biological reality, they make the accurate quantification of DRIP signals all the more important, especially when deep sequencing is used to monitor and quantify the distribution of R-loops genome-wide. Here we propose a DRIP protocol that has been optimized for the mapping and the quantification of R-loops in Schizosaccharomyces pombe but that can also be used in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. As a result, this protocol can be used to generate calibrated DRIP-seq data, where genomic DNA extracted from S. cerevisiae serves as spike-in reference.

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