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Conférence FRAMA SFP Christopher Jarzynski

Scaling down the laws of thermodynamics
When Jun 15, 2022
from 04:00 to 06:00
Contact Name Christopher Jarzynski
Attendees Christopher Jarzynski
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Christopher JARZYNSKI, un des très grands noms de la thermodynamique stochastique, avec des contributions pionnières de tout premier plan, est en résidence au Laboratoire de Physique de l’ENS du 24/05 au 24/06. Dans le cadre de ce séjour, la Fédération de Physique André-Marie Ampère a le plaisir de l’inviter pour présenter une conférence hors-cycle à la Doua :

Le 15 juin 2022 à 16h00 – Amphi Gouy – La Doua
Christopher JARZYNSKI, University of Maryland

ABSTRACT: Thermodynamics provides a robust conceptual framework and set of laws that govern the exchange of energy and matter. Although these laws were originally articulated for macroscopic objects, nanoscale systems also exhibit “thermodynamic-like” behavior – for instance, biomolecular motors convert chemical fuel into mechanical work, and single molecules exhibit hysteresis when manipulated using optical tweezers. To what extent can the laws of thermodynamics be scaled down to apply to individual microscopic systems, and what new features emerge at the nanoscale? I will describe some of the challenges and recent progress – both theoretical and experimental – associated with addressing these questions.  Along the way, my talk will touch on non-equilibrium fluctuations, “violations” of the second law, the thermodynamic arrow of time, nanoscale feedback control, strong system-environment coupling, and quantum thermodynamics.