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UMR 5672

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You are here: Home / Seminars / Experimental physics and modelling / Instabilities and geometry of growing tissues

Instabilities and geometry of growing tissues

Doron Grossman (Collège de France)
When Oct 19, 2021
from 11:00 to 12:00
Where Salle des thèses
Attendees Doron Grossman
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The vertex model is a discrete often used to described cellular media, where elastic energy depends on the difference of cells’ actual area and perimeter from a reference values. Cells are allowed to change neighbors via different topological transition - including division, apoptosis and so - called T1 transitions. We derive a complete, coarse grained, continuum model of the 2D vertex model,  applicable for different underlying geometries, and allows for analytical analysis. Using a geometric approach and out–of–equilibrium statistical mechanics, we calculate both mechanical and dynamical instabilities within a tissue, and their dependence on different variables, including activity, and disorder. Most notably, the tissue’s response depends on the existence of mechanical residual stresses on a cellular level. Thus, even freely growing tissues may exhibit a growth instability depending on food consumption. Using this geometric model we can readily distinct between elasticity and plasticity in a growing, flowing, tissue.