Doctor Honoris Causa of ENS de Lyon - November 18, 2012
Michaëlle Jean (born September 6, 1957) is a Canadian stateswoman and former journalist who was the third Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie from 2015 until 2019. She was the first woman to hold the position and held the position until the end of 2018. From 2005 to 2010, Jean was Governor General of Canada, the 27th since Canadian Confederation.
Michaëlle Jean was a refugee from Haiti – coming to Canada in 1968 – and was raised in the town of Thetford Mines, Quebec. After receiving a number of university degrees, she worked as a journalist and broadcaster for Radio-Canada and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), as well as undertaking charity work, mostly in the field of assisting victims of domestic violence. In 2005, she was appointed governor general by Queen Elizabeth II, on the recommendation of Prime Minister Paul Martin, to replace Adrienne Clarkson as vicereine and she occupied the post until succeeded by David Johnston in 2010 and became a respected vicereine noted for her attention to the Canadian Forces, Aboriginal Canadians, and the arts, especially youth involvement in them. In 2010, she was appointed to a four-year term as the Special Envoy for Haiti for the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization.
Michaëlle Jean was sworn in as a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on September 26, 2012.