The Simons Foundation announced on June 4, 2019 the establishment of the Simons Collaboration on Wave Turbulence, directed by Jalal Shatah from NYU assisted by Laure Saint-Raymond from ENS de Lyon and Nicolas Mordant from UGA.
The project also involves researchers from CNRS (INSIS and INP), École normale supérieure de Paris, Université Paris-Diderot and INRIA on the French side, as well as from Princeton University, Michigan, Massachusetts University in Amherst and the University of Turin.
At the level of ENS de Lyon, Laure Saint-Raymond (UMPA), Laurent Chevillard and Thierry Dauxois (Physics Laboratory) are involved.
Waves are ubiquitous in nature. They are central in describing fundamental physical phenomena at all scales, from quantum mechanics to general relativity. When in a given physical system a large number of interacting waves are present, the description of an individual wave is neither possible nor relevant. What becomes of physical importance and practical use is the density and statistics of the interacting waves. This is wave turbulence theory, which has the remarkable feature of universally predicting the evolution of the wave action spectral density of interacting wave systems. This prediction is accomplished through the wave kinetic equation, which is an evolution equation for the wave action density and it is the wave analogue of the Boltzmann kinetic equations for particle interactions. This equation has been successfully applied to describe waves in the ocean (gravity, internal and capillary waves) and waves in magnetized fluids (solar winds, interstellar media, fusion plasmas). Many new applications have recently emerged in fields like condensed matter (helium superfluids, Bose-Einstein condensates), nonlinear optics and, most recently, in the study of gravitational waves in the early universe.
A perfect example to illustrate the importance of wave turbulence theory is that of forecasting surface gravity waves in the oceans. Nowadays, the wave kinetic equation is the standard tool for performing operationally the forecasting of surface gravity waves in the oceans. Every day, the wave kinetic equation, with forcing provided by meteorological models, is numerically integrated and an output, in terms of integral quantities of the wave spectrum, is usually released every three hours, with a spatial resolution of about 14 km. Wave forecasting is fundamental for navigation and safety operations at sea and on off-shore platforms.
Although the wave kinetic equation has been widely used, its range of applicability has never been put on a rigorous mathematical foundation. Its predictions of the energy spectrum are not always in agreement with empirical data. This discrepancy could, in part, be explained by the lack of a rigorous mathematical theory. This collaboration is the first attempt for a systematic coordinated study of wave turbulence theory in a large-scale project, bringing together state-of-the-art skills in the areas of mathematics and physics, with theoretical, experimental and numerical expertise. It is a joint effort of several groups of researchers who are ready to collectively collaborate, question all assumptions and approximations, and coordinate the progress on an interdisciplinary set of problems.
The Simons Foundation
The Simons Foundation is a private foundation established in 1994 by Marilyn and James Harris Simons with offices in New York City. The foundation funds research in mathematics and the basic sciences.