Publication from the RDP institute in Science, on April 5, 2019.
Abstract: Rho guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) are master regulators of cell signaling, but how they are regulated depending on the cellular context is unclear. We found that the phospholipid phosphatidylserine acts as a developmentally controlled lipid rheostat that tunes Rho GTPase signaling in Arabidopsis. Live superresolution single-molecule imaging revealed that the protein Rho of Plants 6 (ROP6) is stabilized by phosphatidylserine into plasma membrane nanodomains, which are required for auxin signaling. Our experiments also revealed that the plasma membrane phosphatidylserine content varies during plant root development and that the level of phosphatidylserine modulates the quantity of ROP6 nanoclusters induced by auxin and hence downstream signaling, including regulation of endocytosis and gravitropism. Our work shows that variations in phosphatidylserine levels are a physiological process that may be leveraged to regulate small GTPase signaling during development.
Source: Developmental control of plant Rho GTPase nano-organization by the lipid phosphatidylserine. Platre M, Bayle V, Armengot L, Bareille J, Marques-Bueno MM, Creff A, Maneta-Peyret L, Fiche JB, Nolmann M, Miège C, Moreau P, Martinère-Delaunay A Jaillais Y. Science, April 5, 2019, Vol 364, No 6435, pp57-62 . DOI: 10.1126/science.aav9959